Don’t worry about your next CT scan—it may take a while to complete, but the procedure is generally painless.
Pregnant? Be sure to ask your radiologist about imaging options that minimize radiation exposure. Dr. Steven Wengrover has answers.
Having imaging done tomorrow? Be sure to ask your MD about any eating or drinking restrictions before the procedure.
Dr. Steven Wengrover reminds patients to stay in touch with their MD after an imaging test to monitor possible allergic reactions to dyes.
Learn to read an X-ray with Dr. Wengrover: air & fat = black; calcium, metal, & bone = white; everything else comes in shades of gray.
The Beatles’ funding of electric music experiments is a major reason we have today’s CT technology. Brought to you by Dr. Steven Wengrover.
Did you know: ultrasound technology actually uses sound waves? The digital reflection translates to an image we can see.
Kid swallowed a marble? Radiology can help locate it in the body—along with any other foreign objects.
Why the lead blanket during X-ray scans? It keeps radiation exposure to a minimum to cut radiology risks even further.
Many people are familiar with the words “radiologist” and “radiology,” usually associating them with X-rays and other imaging processes. However, the job a radiologist does is more complicated than one might expect.
A radiologist is a specialist in reading and interpreting the results of various digital imaging tests, including X-ray machines, cameras, and other imaging equipment. The information gathered from these tests, combined with a radiologist’s analysis of them, plays an integral part in accurate patient diagnosis. Not all radiologists focus on medical diagnosis; interventional radiologists often use imaging machines to perform image-guided, minimally invasive surgeries and other procedures.
For a person to become certified as a radiologist, he or she must first meet the requirements for becoming a medical doctor; in addition to 12 years of academic study and clinical training, a radiologist must also pass the USMLE exam, obtain a state medical license, and pass a board certification exam for radiology. After that, a radiologist may complete additional, optional training if he or she is interested in a subspecialty.
Although radiologists may not spend as much time with a patient as other physicians, the work they do can be critical in diagnosing a patient and deciding what treatment is best suited for the case.
Founded over a century ago and located in the heart of Manhattan, Weill Cornell Medical College is one of the United States’ highest ranked centers for clinical and medical research. Divided into two dozen patient care and science departments, Weill Cornell supports the prevention, study, and treatment of disease. In addition, the university’s Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Science offers doctorates in biomedical research and education in addition to medicine.
Education, research, and patient care are further strengthened by collaborative M.D. and Ph.D. programs with the Rockefeller University and Sloan-Kettering Institute. Both the College and the Graduate School of Medical Science are affiliated with the Hospital for Special Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the New York-Presbyterian Healthcare Network, and the Rockefeller University.
About the author:
Westchester, New York resident Steven Wengrover, M.D. specializes in diagnostic radiology. Dr. Wengrover received his doctorate of medicine from Yeshiva University’s Albert Einstein College of Medicine, followed with a fellowship for the study of cardiovascular radiology at Weill Cornell Medical College.
Dr. Steven Wengrover earned his Doctor of Medicine from Yeshiva University’s Albert Einstein College of Medicine, a private medical school located in New York City. Dr. Samuel Belkin, the former President of Yeshiva, began planning the development of a medical college during the 1940s. In 1951, New York City Mayor Vincent Empellitteri approved the school’s construction. Einstein officially opened the institution’s doors in 1955 and it has since become the largest medical school in New York City. The school offers PhD degrees, in addition to MDs, as well as a joint MD and PhD track known as the Medical Scientist Training Program. Due to its focus on both research and education, Einstein has become a nucleus of medical research and is home to many of the nation’s most respected centers, including the Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, the Center for AIDS Research, the Children’s Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center, and a General Clinical Research Center supported by the National Institutes of Health.
Many of the researchers and professors at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have received significant recognition for their contributions to science. Dr. Dominick P. Purpura is behind the discovery of a brain cell structural abnormality that has expanded understanding about the causes of mental retardation. Dr. Peter Davies uncovered the lack of a key neurotransmitter in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, which drastically altered the course of Alzheimer’s research around the country. Dr. Matthew D. Scharff illuminated the mechanisms by which an antibody can precisely formulate an immune response to foreign agents in the body.
Our Radiology FAQ concludes with more questions and answers.
Q: I have heard of many radiology scans such as CAT and ultrasound, but what is a PET scan?
A: Positron Emission Topography (PET) scans are used to track marginally radioactive glucose through the bloodstream as it is absorbed by cells. Because cancer cells soak up glucose at significantly higher rates than cells uninflected with cancer, PET scans are used to pinpoint cancer cells have spread past their origin site. Such cells show up as points of light during PET scans, making them easy to spot.
Q: How do x-rays work?
A: Though x-rays are common, few individuals possess a clear understanding of how exactly they function. X-rays are performed by injecting particles infused with trace amounts of radioactive substances and electricity into the body. Each body part absorbs those particles differently, but all show up in radiology scans; this allows Radiologists to attain clear pictures of tissue and bones.
Q: What are bone scans? Are they similar to x-rays?
A: Somewhat. Like x-rays, bone scans require a slightly radioactive material to be injected into the body. Usually, the material, known as a tracer, is injected into a forearm vein. Approximately three hours after the injection, the tracer will take up residence in the patient’s bones, allowing images of those bones to be taken.
Q: How do RVG scans work?
A: Radionuclide ventriculogram, or RVG scans, is a test that, like many other Radiology scans, utilizes a miniscule amount of radioactivity in a material. The material, or tracer, is injected into the body and used to measure the heart’s pumping actions.
Q: Where can I learn more about radiology?
A: Talk to your physician and/or Radiologist for answers to any and all radiology questions.
A strong commitment to each other and the family is the cornerstone of a healthy marriage, bolstered by love, kindness, and patience. Married for over 27 years ago, my wife and I were young and idealistic when we got married. However, I can honestly say that after raising three happy, productive kids and going through all that a long-term marriage can bring, we are closer than ever.
I believe that often when people decide to get married, they see no further than the romance and ceremony of the altar. It’s difficult to go from being a single person and worrying about only your own needs to being married and focusing on another person and the greater good of the family rather than yourself. Couples may have a fairy tale wedding, but that doesn’t mean that life is comprised of nothing but “happily ever after.” Marriage is hard work for both parties. Luckily, like most work, marriage has its rewards. The support and love of a dedicated partnership is a priceless gift. Here are some suggestions for a happy, lasting marriage:
1. Communicate. Couples need to express themselves with their spouses. Bottling up emotions only causes tension, so it is important that both husband and wife discuss their feelings, talk about their work days, and enjoy the rapport that only comes with open communication.
2. Listen. It’s impossible to communicate to someone who won’t listen. Be sure that you are open to hearing what your spouse has to say. This is one of the foundations of kindness, and it pays off in the long run.
3. Celebrate the family. Whether your children are small or grown up and out of the house, your family is the most important focal point of your life. Be certain to create rituals and traditions that will strengthen your family bonds for generations to come.
4. Stay committed. In this era of “my needs,” it’s easy to throw in the towel at the first sight of trouble. Married couples need to keep in mind that ups and downs do happen over the course of a lifetime for married people and single people alike. The support of a devoted spouse and a solid family will get you through those troubles and back to the good times.